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Badge icon "Thermometer (2023)" provided by ___Lo, from The Noun Project under Creative Commons - Attribution (CC BY 3.0)
3 Points

Hundreds of scientists have worked on the theories of heat, heat transfer, thermodynamics and kinetics but James Clerk Maxwell, author of The Theory of Heat and namesake to the Education Studies building at King’s College London, might have contributed the most. His work alone and with other scientists such as Thomas, Boltzmann, Clausius and Joule transformed our understanding of how temperature and heat are related and how we can manipulate these for applications such as industrial chemical processes, Thermos flasks and particle accelerators.

To unlock this achievement in James Clerk Maxwell’s honour you must unlock the following badges

Badge icon "Cooking Pan (941)" provided by The Noun Project under Creative Commons CC0 - No Rights Reserved

Conduction

1 Points

Describe how heat energy is transferred by conduction. Include:

  • an original diagram
  • the key words: kinetic energy, particle(s), vibrate/vibration and collide/collision
  • whether or not it takes place in a vacuum
  • what state or states of matter it can occur in
  • in which state (or states) it’s most effective
  • description of particle movement

 

Badge icon "Day Wind (2635)" provided by Adam Whitcroft, from The Noun Project under Creative Commons - Attribution (CC BY 3.0)

Convection

1 Points

To unlock this achievement, describe how heat energy is transferred by convection. Include the following:

  • An original diagram
  • Whether or not it takes place in a vacuum
  • What state or states of matter it can occur in
  • In which state (or states) it’s most effective
  • Correctly use these scientific terms: kinetic energy, particle(s), vibrate/vibration, dense/density and current
Badge icon "Sun (2659)" provided by Adam Whitcroft, from The Noun Project under Creative Commons - Attribution (CC BY 3.0)

Radiation

1 Points

Describe how heat energy is transferred by thermal radiation. Include:

  • An original diagram of the  process
  • Whether or not it takes place in a vacuum
  • In which state (or states) it’s most effective
  • Correctly describe the movement of particles
  • Explain colour and the reflective nature of materials affects this type of heat transfer
  • The key words: emit, vacuum, wave, particles and absorb
Badge icon "Flame (2318)" provided by Nadav Barkan, from The Noun Project under Creative Commons - Attribution (CC BY 3.0)

Anti Cooling

3 Points

Every single object in the universe emits and transfers thermal energy. This isn’t always useful, sometimes we want to keep hot things hot by reduce their cooling rate. Your task is to design a container which will keep a liquid warm by reducing heat transfer from the liquid to the surrounding environment.

You must incorporate features that would reduce heat loss by:

  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation
  • Evaporation

You must justify your original design for this vessel by:

  1. Explaining the scientific reasons behind why each of the features you have incorporated will reduce the cooling rate of the soup
  2. Stating which form of heat transfer the feature will reduce

There must also be a labelled diagram of your design or a labelled photograph of your prototype.

4 Required Steps

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